Passenger and School Bus Endorsement:

In accordance with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and Regulations concerning the rule amendment on February 7, 2022. The guidelines specifically mention that a distinctive curriculum that involves behind-the-wheel and theory modules of training must be completed from an accredited training school in order to obtain a passenger or school bus endorsement. Therefore, it is mandatory that the driver-trainee must complete the theory assessment and achieve a total score of 80 percent. There is no required minimum number of instruction hours for theory or behind-the-wheel training for the passenger or school bus endorsement, but the driver-trainee must possess the requisite demonstrated proficiency in every element of the behind-the-wheel curriculum. The training must be completed and conducted in a similar vehicle group in which the applicant aspires to drive. The instructor must engage in active two-way communication with the driver-trainee during all the behind-the-wheel training sessions. It's mandatory for the instructors to document the clock hours that each driver-trainee has spent to complete the behind-the-wheel curriculum.

A passenger endorsement is one of six remnants of the CDL endorsements. Passenger Endorsements allow the applicant to operate a Commercial Vehicle that can carry more than 16 passengers along with the driver. After the formulation of valid passenger endorsements, the applicant can operate commercial vehicles like Taxis, Service Busses, Limousines, Airport shuttle vehicles, delivery vehicles, MotorCoaches, Taxis.

The theory knowledge exams and skills test must be passed to attain the endorsements.

  • Loading and Unloading of Passengers.
  • Suitable timely use of emergency exits.
  • Optimal response to emergency situations.
  • Careful perception for railroad crossing and drawbridge procedures.
  • Professional Braking and Clutching mechanism in scenarios of busy traffic

If you are one of the applicants who desire to operate a commercial vehicle with air brakes, it is mandatory that as a trainee you must officially pass the air brakes test. When the applicant takes the skill test for passenger endorsement, the skills test must take place in a similar vehicle that the passenger will be operating professionally. If the applicant plans on driving a commercial bus or school bus, similar training is needed to be performed for the skill test. The proficiency in passing the skills test will determine the ability of the applicant of how securely he/she can operate a commercial vehicle on the road. Typically an average cost for achieving the passenger endorsement is typically around $15, therefore the rates may vary according to state guidelines. Passenger Endorsements in particular allow the driver-trainee to operate several varieties of commercial vehicles. The certified endorsements enhance the driver-trainee's scope of getting a job as per the employer's guidelines because valid endorsements serve as proof that drivers can safely operate commercial vehicles in any given scenario. For getting a certified school bus endorsement the driver-trainee applicant must meet the specific guidelines. The school bus endorsements knowledge exam is needed to be passed along with the driving skills test of the vehicle group in which the applicant desires to drive professionally.

Hazmat Endorsement:

A specific curriculum of theory instructions is mandatory to be completed to grab a hazardous material endorsement. CDL drivers who are 21 years or older and aspire to drive trucks carrying hazardous materials are required to have a placard of Hazmat endorsement on their CDL. The Hazmat endorsement test is available only in English and the aspiring driver-trainee must possess demonstrated knowledge of answering a series of 30 questions concerning hazardous materials. Once the knowledge test is passed the aspirant must apply for a Federal Security Threat Assessment by successfully undergoing and completing an Application for Security Threat Assessment by having their requisite fingerprints taken at the time of assessment. It almost takes 90 days total for the completion of the process. During the recertification process, the commercial drivers are required to provide their Hazmat endorsement prior to license renewal or upon the transfer of a State CDL along with respective endorsements. After the process is said and done the recertification notice is mailed to the applicant after 7 months prior to the renewal. Therefore, there are some additional charges when the Hazmat endorsement is issued or renewed.

The instructors specifically cover the following topics during the theory training of the Hazmat Endorsements.

  • Basic Introductory hazardous material requirements.
  • Operational requirement for handling Hazardous Materials
  • Reporting Hazardous crashes and releases
  • Tunnel and railroad Highway Grade crossing requirements.
  • Safe Loading and unloading of Hazardous materials.
  • Safe loading of Hazardous Materials on Passengers vehicles
  • Careful Handling of Hazardous Bulk Packages
  • Operating Hazardous equipment during Emergency situations.
  • Adequate adoption of emergency procedures.
  • Timely Fueling of Engine
  • Timely Checking of Tires.
  • Planning of Routes that are to be covered.
  • Safety Permits that are required for carrying hazardous material interstate.

There are no definite hours for the theory instructions for Passenger, School Bus, or Hazardous Endorsements, however, the aspiring applicants must achieve a score of at least 80% in theory assessments. The passenger and school bus endorsements unlock diverse options for the applicants to operate commercial vehicles in several industries like taxi services, Airport shuttle services, or limousine services. The commercial handling of hazardous materials is a very grueling and arduous task because it involves a lot of interstate and intrastate permits of operation, on the contrary, Hazmat operation is a high-income career.

To know detailed information about FMCSA new Entry-Level Driver Training rulesregarding theory instructions and behind-the-wheel check out our blog.